The characteristics of the Union Council Based Poverty Reduction
Targeting the Poor :
The fundamental basis of the Union Council Based Poverty Reduction Programme (UCBPRP)
is to alleviate poverty, for this purpose
the Poverty Score Card approved by
the World Bank has to be used as a census survey,
(visiting all households) and situation analysis
of target area to identify those poor households which
are ordinarily excluded from social welfare initiatives,
in order to provide them the products and services
included in the project.
Poverty Score Card is thus a simple and practical tool to
measure poverty at different levels i.e. household
level, Deh level, Union Council level, Taluka level and
District level. It is blind and neither the enumerator
nor the respondent can interpret its results because it
does not ask direct questions about incomes and
The PSC uses 13
questions to evaluate the poverty levels of a household;
questions which are easily verifiable. The PSC has the
ability to categorise entire union councils and
districts into different poverty bands,
Extremely poor/destitute, 12-18 Chronically poor, 19-23
Transitory poor, 24-100 Non poor.) making it easier
to distinguish products for each band.
Social Mobilization :
In the Union Council Based Poverty Reduction
communities in the 2 districts will be organized at the village
level into Village Organizations (VOs). By having their own
organizations, the communities (especially the poorest) will be able
to present themselves in a unified manner and will have the ability
to voice their developmental concerns to relevant bodies, such as
Provincial and District Governments, Taluka and Union
Administrations etc. Eventually, it is envisaged that these
Village Organizations will be able to develop their own linkages
with external organizations in order to cater for their needs. At
the same time, by managing their own organizations, the confidence
and skills of these communities will be greatly increased.
Products of UCBPRP
The UCBPRP includes the following products and services for the
poorest households in the target districts.
In Sindh province there are many households who do not have the capacity to pay
back even interest free loan/credit, but have the potential to perform so the intervention of Income Generating Grant
(IGG) has been designed for such households
to help them come out of the poverty trap.
These will be grants for the women of extremely poor households, for
the purpose of increasing their incomes. Each eligible household will be able
to receive a grant (in-kind) of upto Rs. 20,000 for purchasing
income-generating assets, mainly livestock such as goats, cows, buffaloes,
and productive tools and inputs etc.
The CIF is a programme which
increases the confidence and empowerment of the
poorest of rural women by providing them access to
flexible micro loans.
Community investment fund is aimed at to empower women through
institution building and capacity building of extremely poor and chronically
poor women of the area. Identification is made on the Poverty score card.CIF enables above two bands to get rid of poverty through small scale
loan. On the other hand the ultimate goal of CIF is to establish institutions
at Village level for the betterment of rural women. It goes without saying that
institutions not for community but institutions of community.
Each Village Organization (VO) will be given a revolving fund for
giving out small flexible loans to poor women only. The amount of the
fund that each Village Organization (VO) receives depends on the number of
chronically poor households, with Rs. 25,000 allocated per household. The
distinguishing aspect of the Community Investment Fund (CIF) is the fact that
the fund will be managed by the women themselves, as they will be the ones who
decide which poor woman should receive a loan and at what flexible terms.
The UCBPRP includes a component whereby one youth from an extremely
poor or chronically poor household will be identified and provided a
scholarship for receiving vocational training. The type of training provided
will depend on assessments conducted during consultations between the
individual, their household and the Village Organization (VO).
Numerous studies have pointed out to the benefits
and impact that a skilled labour force has, not just
at the micro and meso levels, but also at the macro
Community Physical Infrastructures (CPIs) are
development infrastructure projects which are
carried out with the help of organised communities.
These are projects such as installation of
hand-pumps, maintenance of small local roads, etc.
The labour used for the
construction of the CPI will be sourced from extremely and chronically poor
households of the village, with market-based wages being provided.
As a result, these CPIs will not
only improve the village, but will also provide
much-needed employment for extremely poor and
chronically poor households.
Research & Development is an important component of UCBPRP for the productivity
enhancement; to enhance the productivity of poor farmers in agriculture and
livestock sectors. The UCBPRP is clearly focusing on the development of
Agriculture and Live Stock to increase the productivity of the poorest
community members. The concept of “More Crop per Drop” is a guiding concept
through Drip irrigation and Water Management which is being used in water scarce
areas of Sindh. UCBPRP also has started Drip Water System for better irrigation
and better productivity for the poor communities. In
order to efficiently reach out to women and the
poorest segment of rural villages of Sindh, community members have to be trained especially in Agriculture sector” through 10 days extensive trainings in modern farm management techniques,
use of tunnels for growing off-season crops, etc.
in Fisheries and Enterprise Development.
In the light of situation analysis’s findings, the Government of Sindh has
recognized that education can be a powerful tool for empowerment and building
capacity to challenge inequalities and poverty.
This project will be
implemented in 300 schools of selected UCs.
Major objectives of
this project are;
1: Improving Primary School System for increased enrolment by
making 300 non functional schools functional,
2: Establishing 100 second shift
primary schools for girl child primary/middle education and 100 early childhood
education centers and
School feeding programme in two union councils.
project activity has just begun from the mid of October 2009 and has taken the
pace to catch up with the targets.
Seven (7) School Management Committees have been formed as per
guidelines provided by the Education and Literacy Department, Government of
Traditional Birth Attendant (TBA):
UCBPRP has started the TBA
training programme to improve maternal evaluation
and child health and as a part of the safe
motherhood initiatives. Under this project
traditional birth attendants will be trained through
10 days of extensive training. in preventing
post-partum sepsis by applying “three clean” during
delivery and following placenta management
In October 2009, Adamjee
Company collaboration with Rural Support
Program introduced a product of Micro
Health Family Insurance for the poor households covering
parents, married couple
with children up to 18 years old and
unmarried sisters. To provide micro health insurance
is to provide a social safety net to poor households who lie in the 0-18 poverty band. The service
package with a ceiling of RS.25000/ per person per year includes OPD, day care,
diagnostic services, and hospitalization (for more than 24 hours’ stay) and
maternity care. The package also includes accidental cover (disability
compensation) and financial support of a sum of Rs.25000/ as Funeral Charges in
case of death of a bread winner of the family.